Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) is a legal term for children and young people who will need extra support during their education.
It is set out in the government’s 2014 Special educational needs and disability code of practice: 0 to 25 years.
‘A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.’
A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she:
- has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or
- has a disability which prevents or hinders him or her from making use of facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions.
This Code of Practice is statutory guidance for a range of organisations, including local authorities, schools and academies, early years providers, colleges and further education providers and health providers and commissioners.